Facts Inference and Judgement Questions for CAT

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Facts Inference and Judgement Questions for CAT
Facts Inference and Judgement Questions for CAT

Facts Inference and Judgement Questions for CAT

Download important CAT Facts Inference and Judgement Questions with Solutions PDF based on previously asked questions in CAT exam. Practice Facts Inference and Judgement Questions with Solutions for CAT exam.

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Question 1: Facts, which deal with pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’).
Inferences,which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘I’).
Judgements which are opinions that imply approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and occurrences in the past, the present or the future (the answer option indicates such a statement with a J)
Select the answer option that best describes the set of four statements.
1.So much of our day-to-day focus seems to be on getting things done, trudging our way through the tasks of living – it can feel like a treadmill that gets you nowhere; where is the childlike joy?
2.We are not doing the things that make us happy; that which brings us joy; the things that we cannot wait to do because we enjoy them so much.
3.This is the stuff that joyful living is made of – identifying your calling and committing yourself wholeheartedly to it.
4.When this happens, each moment becomes a celebration of you; there is a rush of energy that comes with feeling completely immersed in doing what you love most.

a) IIIJ

b) IFIJ

c) JFJJ

d) JJJJ

e) JFII

Question 2: Facts, which deal with pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’).
Inferences,which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘I’).
Judgements which are opinions that imply approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and occurrences in the past, the present or the future (the answer option indicates such a statement with a J)
Select the answer option that best describes the set of four statements.
1.According to all statistical indications, the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan has managed to keep pace with its ambitious goals.
2.The Mid-day Meal Scheme has been a significant incentive for the poor to send their little ones to school, thus establishing the vital link between healthy bodies and healthy minds.
3.Only about 13 million children in the age group of 6 to 14 years are out of school.
4.The goal of universalisation of elementary education has to be a pre-requisite for the evolution and development of our country.

a) IIFJ

b) JIIJ

c) IJFJ

d) IJFI

e) JIFT

Question 3: Facts, which deal with pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’).
Inferences,which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘I’).
Judgements which are opinions that imply approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and occurrences in the past, the present or the future (the answer option indicates such a statement with a J)
Select the answer option that best describes the set of four statements.
1.Given the poor quality of service in the public sector, the HIV/AIDS affected should be switching to private initiatives that supply anti-retroviral drugs (ARVs) at a low cost.
2.The government has been supplying free drugs since 2004, and 35000 have benefited up to now – though the size of the affected population is 150 times this number.
3.The recent initiatives of networks and companies like AIDSCare Network, Emcure, Reliance-Cipla-CII, would lead to availability of much-needed drugs to a larger number of affected people.
4.But how ironic it is that we should face a perennial shortage of drugs when India is one of the world’s largest suppliers of generic drugs to the developing world.

a) JFIJ

b) JIIJ

c) IFIJ

d) IFFJ

e) JFII

Question 4: The following question has a set of three statements. Each statement can be classified as one of the following:-
(i) Facts, which deal with pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to
discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’).
(ii) Inferences, which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option
indicates such a statement with an ‘I’).
(iii) Judgements, which are opinions th at imply approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and
occurrences in the past, the present or the future (the answer option indicates such a statement with a ‘J’).
Identify the Fact(F), Judgement(J) and Inference(I) from the given sentences.
1. God created the earth
2. God exists
3. Wine taste s better than beer

a) 1F,2J,3J

b) 1J,2J,3J

c) 1I,2F,3J

d) 1J,2J,3I

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Question 5: The following question has a set of three statements. Each statement can be classified as one of the
following:-
(i) Facts, which deal with pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to
discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’).
(ii) Inferences, which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option
indicates such a statement with an ‘I’).
(iii) Judgements, which are opinions that imply approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and
occurrences in the past, the present or the future (the answer option indicates such a statement with a ‘J’).
Identify the Fact(F), Judgement(J) and Inference(I) from the given sentences.
1. Weather forecast says 80% chance of thunderstorms, It’s a good idea to bring an umbrella.
2. My throat is sore and my nose is running, I have probably caught a cold.
3. There are over 40 million volumes in the university library, they probably have a copy of the famous book
‘Savitri’.

a) 1I,2I,3J

b) 1I,2I,3I

c) 1F,2F,3J

d) 1J,2J,3F

Question 6: Facts, which deal with pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’).
Inferences,which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘I’).
Judgements which are opinions that imply approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and occurrences in the past, the present or the future (the answer option indicates such a statement with a J)
Select the answer option that best describes the set of four statements.
1.We should not be hopelessly addicted to an erroneous belief that corruption in India is caused by the crookedness of Indians.
2.The truth is that we have more red tape – we take eighty-nine days to start a small business, Australians take two.
3.Red tape leads to corruption and distorts a people’s character.
4.Every red tape procedure is a point of contact with an official, and such contacts have the potential to become opportunities for money to change hands.

a) JFIF

b) JFJJ

c) JIJF

d) IFJF

e) JFJI

Question 7: Facts, which deal with pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’).
Inferences,which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘I’).
Judgements which are opinions that imply approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and occurrences in the past, the present or the future (the answer option indicates such a statement with a J)
Select the answer option that best describes the set of four statements.
1.Inequitable distribution of all kinds of resources is certainly one of the strongest and most sinister sources of conflict.
2.Even without war, we know that conflicts continue to trouble us – they only change in character.
3.Extensive disarmament is the only insurance for our future; imagine the amount of resources that can be released and redeployed.
4.The economies of the industrialized western world derive 20% of their income from the sale of all kinds of arms.

a) IJJI

b) JIJF

c) IIJF

d) JIIF

e) IJIF

Question 8: The following question has a set of three statements. Each statement can be classified as one of the
following.
(i) Facts, which deal with pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to
discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an ‘F’).
(ii) Inferences, which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option
indicates such a statement with an ‘I’).
(iii) Judgements, which are opinions th at imply approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and
occurrences in the past, the present or the future (the answer option indicates such a statement with a ‘J’).
Identify the Fact(F), Judgement(J) and Inference(I) from the given sentences.
1) “I don’t see Ritu. She said she was tired, so she must have gone home to bed.”
2) “Ram’s been at the gym a lot; he must be trying to lose weight.”
3) “Shera is a dog, and all dogs love belly rubs. So Shera must love belly rubs.”

a) 1I, 2I, 3J

b) 1I, 2I, 3I

c) 1F, 2F, 3J

d) 1J, 2J, 3F

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Answers & Solutions:

1) Answer (D)

The first statement says “It can feel like a treadmill that gets you nowhere”. This is an opinion and hence the statement is a judgement.
Statement 2 is also a personal opinion and hence a judgement.
Similarly, statements 3 and 4 are also opinions and hence can be categorised as judgements.

2) Answer (C)

Statement 1 is an inference, because it is drawing a conclusion (Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan has managed to keep pace with its ambitious goals) based on a fact (all statistical indications).
Statement 2 is a judgement since “the vital link between healthy bodies and healthy minds” is not something that can be investigated for data.
Statement 3 is clearly a fact.
Statement 4 is an opinion, and hence it is a judgement.

3) Answer (A)

The first statement is an opinion since it says “Given the poor quality…” and “…should be switching”.
The second statement is clearly a fact.
The fourth statement is a judgement since the words “…ironic it is…” indicate the opinion of the author and not something that can be verified by facts.
The answer is option A.

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4) Answer (B)

5) Answer (B)

6) Answer (E)

Statement 1 expresses the personal opinion of the author and hence it is a judgement.
Statement 2 is a fact.
Statement 3 is again an opinion of the author and hence is a judgement.
Statement 4 is an inference because it draws a conclusion (“has the potential…”) based on a fact (“Every red tape procedure is a point of contact with an official…”).
Option E is the answer.

7) Answer (B)

Statements 1 and 3 are judgements because they are both opinions of the author. This eliminates all options except B. Hence B is the right answer.

8) Answer (B)

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