Critical Reasoning Question for SBI Clerk PDF:
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Read the following information carefully and answer the given questions. The convenience of online shopping is what I like best about it. Where else can you shop even at midnight wearing your night suit? You do not have to wait in a line or wait till the shop assistant is ready to help you with your purchases. It is a much better experience as compared to going to a retail store. – A consumer’s view.
Which of the following can be a strong argument in favour of retail store owners?
a) Online shopping portals offer a great deal of discounts which retail stores offer only during the sale season.
b) One can compare a variety of products online which cannot be done at retail stores.
c) Many online shopping portals offer the ‘cash on delivery’ feature which is for those who are sceptical about online payments.
d) Many consumers prefer shopping at retail stores which are nearer to their houses.
e) In online shopping the customer may be deceived as he cannot touch the product he is paying for.
Which of the following can be inferred from the given information? (An inference is something that is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given information)
a) One can shop online only at night.
b) Those who are not comfortable using computers can never enjoy the experience of online shopping.
c) All retail stores provide shopping assistants to each and every customer.
d) The consumer whose view is presented has shopped at retail stores as well as online.
e)The consumer whose view is presented does not have any retail stores in her vicinity.
Read the following information carefully and answer the given question: Many manufacturing companies are now shifting base to the rural areas of the country as there is a scarcity of space in urban areas. Analysts say that this shift will not have a huge impact on the prices of the products manufactured by these companies as only about 30% consumers live in urban areas. Which of the following may be a consequence of the given information?
a) The prices of such products will decrease drastically in the urban areas.
b) People living in urban areas will not be allowed to work in such manufacturing companies.
c) These manufacturing companies had set-ups in the urban areas before shifting base.
d) Those who had already migrated to the urban areas will not shift back to rural areas.
e)The number of people migrating from rural to urban areas in search of jobs may reduce.
Read the following information carefully and answer the given question: ‘Pets are not allowed in the park premises.’ – a notice put up at the park entrance by the authority that is responsible for maintenance of the park. Which of the following can be an assumption according to the given information? (An assumption is something that is supposed or taken for granted)
a) At least some people who visit the park have pets.
b) This is the only park which does not allow pets.
c) People who ignored this notice were fined.
d) There are more than one entrance to the park.
e)Many people have now stopped visiting the park.
Solutions (1 to 4)
1) Answer (e)
Options a), b) and c) strengthen the argument against retail stores while option d) doesn’t give any argument in favour of retail stores. The best answer is option e) which gives an argument to support retail stores.
2) Answer (d)
The argument talks about both online shopping and retail shopping and concludes that online shopping is better. So, the author must have done both online and retail-store shopping.
3) Answer (e)
The companies are shifting base to rural areas. So, people who migrate from rural areas to urban areas in search of work may reduce because they can now find work in rural areas itself. So, option e) is a possible consequence.
4) Answer (a)
From the options, the only possible assumption is that at least some people who visit the park have pets. Options b) and d) cannot be arrived at, while options c) and e) are possible consequences but not assumptions.
Instructions: 5 to 7
Poverty me asurement is an un settled issue, both conceptuall y and methodologicall y. Since poverty is a process as well as an outcome; ma ny come out of it while others ma y be falling into it. The net effect of these two parallel processes is a proportion commonly identified as the ‘head count ratio’, but these ratios hide the fundamental dynamism that characterizes poverty in practice. The most recent poverty reestimates by an expert group has also missed thecrucial dynamism. In a study conducted on 13,000 households which represented the crucial dynamism. In a study conducted on 13,000 households whichrepresented the entire country in1993-94 and again on 2004-05, it was found that in the ten-year period 18.2% rural population moved out of poverty whereas another 22.1 % fell into it over this period. This netincrease of about four percentage points was seen to have a considerable variation across states and regions.
Which of the following is a conclusion which can be drawn from the facts stated in the above paragraph ?
a) Accurate estimates of number of people living below poverty line in India is possible to be made.
b) Many expert groups in India are not interested to measure poverty objectively.
c) Process of poverty measurement needs to take into account various factors to tackle its dynamic nature.
d) People living below poverty line remain in that position for a very long time.
e) None of these
Which of the following is an assumption which is implicit in the facts stated in the above paragraph ?
a) It may not be possible to have an accurate poverty measurement in India.
b) Level of poverty in India is static over the years.
c) Researchers avoid making conclusions on poverty measurement data in India.
d) Govt. of India has a mechanism to measure level of poverty effectively and accurately.
e) None of these
Which of the following is an inference which can be made from the facts stated in the above paragraph ?
a) Poverty measurement tools in India are outdated.
b) Increase in number of persons falling into poverty varies considerably across the country over a period of time.
c) Govt. of India has stopped measuring poverty related studies.
d) People living in rural areas are more susceptible to fall into poverty over the time.
e) None of these
Solutions: (5 to 7)
5) Answer (c)
The author explains and exemplifies the fault in the method used to measure poverty. He says that the dynamic natural of the poverty is not considered while measuring the poverty of the country. Hence, the correct conclusion is that the poverty measurement must consider various factors to tackle dynamic nature of poverty. Hence C is the correct answer.
6) Answer (a)
The author says that “poverty is an unsettled issue, both conceptually and methodologically” and then he talks about the dynamic nature of poverty. So, by these two statements we can conclude that it may not be possible to have an accurate poverty measurement in India.
7) Answer (e)
Option A is not mentioned in the passage.
The increase in number of persons under poverty was an example by the author and not a general fact. Option B is wrong.
Option C is not mentioned in the passage.
Option D could be true in general but is not mentioned in the passage.
Hence none of these is the answer.