Analytical Reasoning Questions for CAT PDF

Analytical Reasoning Questions for CAT PDF
Analytical Reasoning Questions for CAT PDF

Analytical Reasoning Questions for CAT PDF:

Download Analytical Reasoning Questions and Answers PDF for CAT Exam with detailed explanations. This important analytical (logical) reasoning questions are based on previous CAT paper asked questions.

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Five people – Abhi, Bablu, Chintu, Dubey and Eisha – are travelling in five different trains – Rajdhani Express, AP Express, Shatabdi Express, Duronto Express and Howrah Express in any order – to five different destinations – Bangalore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Mumbai and Kolkata in any order. Further:

1) Rajdhani Express does not go to Mumbai.

2) Abhi’s train, Howrah Express and the train to Mumbai start at different timings.

3) Chintu is travelling in neither Rajdhani Express nor Howrah Express.

4) Bablu, who is travelling in Shatabdi Express, is not going to Mumbai.

5) Eisha’s train starts after the train to Delhi.

6) Abhi’s train, Rajdhani Express and the train to Hyderabad start at different timings.

7) Neither Rajdhani Express nor Howrah Express goes to Kolkata.

8) AP Express does not go to Delhi.

9) Dubey is going to Bangalore.

10) Neither AP Express nor Duronto Express is going to Kolkata.

Question 1: Who is travelling in Duronto Express?
a) Abhi
b) Bablu
c) Chintu
d) None of these

Question 2: Which of the following is true?
a) Abhi is going to Bangalore
b) Shatabdi Express goes to Mumbai
c) Eisha is travelling in AP Express
d) Bablu is travelling to Kolkata

Question 3: Which of the following train-destination combination is correct?
a) Rajdhani – Delhi
b) AP – Mumbai
c) Duronto – Bangalore
d) Howrah – Delhi

Question 4: Howrah Express is going to which destination?
a) Bangalore
b) Delhi
c) Hyderabad
d) Mumbai

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Six students A,B,C,D,E,F have to choose 2 subjects each out of Physics, Chemistry, Maths and Economics such that no two students choose the same pair of subjects.

A) C, D and F have one subject in common. Similarly A,E,F have also one subject in common. In both the cases the subjects are neither Maths nor Economics.

B) The subjects chosen by A were entirely different from D

C) One subject chosen by A matched with one of the subjects of B and this subject was not Economics.

D) One of the subjects of C was Physics.

Question 5: For how many students can the two subjects that they have chosen be determined?
a) 4
b) 6
c) 5
d) 3

Question 6: Which of the subjects has been choosen by C?
a) Maths, Physics
b) Chemistry, Physics
c) Economics, Physics
d) None of these

Question 7: Which of these subjects is common between B and F?
a) Maths
b) Physics
c) Chemistry
d) None of these

Question 8: Which of these subjects were chosen by D?
a) Chemistry
b) Economics
c) Maths
d) None of these

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Answers & Solutions:

Answer & Solutions (1 – 4):

Draw a table with names of the people in rows and names of trains and destinations in columns.
From (2), we can say that Abhi’s train, Howrah Express and the train to Mumbai are different.
Similarly, from (6), we can say that Abhi’s train, Rajdhani Express and the train to Hyderabad are different.
From (5) and (9), we know the train and the destination of Bablu and Dubey respectively => Bablu is in Shatabdi Express and Dubey is going to Bangalore.
From (7) and (10), we know that Shatabdi Express, in which Bablu is travelling, is going to Kolkata.
Abhi is not going to Mumbai and Hyderabad according to (2) and (6) => Abhi is going to Delhi.
Abhi is not going in Rajdhani Express and Howrah Express according to (2) and (6) => Abhi must go in either AP Express or Duronto Express.
According to (8), AP Express does not go to Delhi => Abhi is travelling in Duronto Express to Delhi.
=> Chintu is travelling in AP Express.
Rajdhani does not go to Mumbai, Kolkata or Hyderabad => Dubey is travelling in Rajdhani Express to Bangalore.
Howrah Express does not go to Mumbai => Eisha is travelling in Howrah Express to Hyderabad.
=> Chintu is travelling in AP Express to Mumbai.

1) Answer (A)

2) Answer (D)

3) Answer (B)

4) Answer (C)

Answers & Solutions (5 – 8)

There are 4 subjects taken 2 at a time. Hence, number of combinations = 4 C 2 = 6. In these six cases, each subject appears in 3 cases.

From the first statement, we can infer that the subjects that are present in common are Physics and Chemistry. As F is present on both lists, F has both Physics and Chemistry. We know that C has taken Physics. Therefore, Physics is common between C, D and F and Chemistry is common between A, E and F. As we have assigned Physics and Chemistry 3 times each, none of the other people has either of these two subjects. Hence,

B has neither Physics nor Chemistry => which means that B has Maths and Economics. From Clue C, A has Maths. As A has Chemistry and Maths, D must have Physics and Economics from clue B. The only combination left of Physics and another subject is Physics and Maths which must be taken by C. Hence, E has Chemistry and Economics.

5) Answer (B)

6) Answer (A)

7) Answer (D)

8) Answer (B)

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