# Pie Charts for CAT PDF Set-3

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Pie chart questions for CAT are very important in logical reasoning section. For this type of questions a given set of conditions are given. The first step to solve this questions is to start for the rules that have maximum and clear data. Many times 2-4 cases are needed to form to solve this questions. And some questions will be eliminated while you apply the further conditions.

Pie Charts for CAT PDF set-3:

Instructions:

Consider the information provided in the figure below relating to India’s foreign trade in 1997-98 and the first eight months of 1998-99.

Total trade with a region is defined as the sum of exports to and imports from that region.
Trade deficit is defined as the excess of imports over exports. Trade deficit may be negative.

A:USA. B:Germany C:Other EU. D:U.K. Â E:Japan Â F:Russia

G:Other East Europe Â H:OPEC Â  I:Asia Â J:Other LDCs Â K:Others

Question 1:

What is the region with which India had the highest total trade in 1997-98?

A.Â USA

B.Â Other E. U.

C.Â OPEC

D.Â Others

Question 2:

In 1997-98 the amount of Indian exports, in millions US $, to the region with which India had the lowest total trade, is approximately A.Â 750 B.Â 340 C.Â 220 D.Â 440 Question 3: In 1997-98, the trade deficit with respect to India, in billions of US$, for the region with the highest trade deficit with respect to India, is approximately equal to

A.Â
6.0

B.Â 3.0

C.Â 4.5

D.Â 7.5

Question 4:

What is the region with the lowest trade deficit with India in 1997-98?

A.Â USA

B.Â Asia

C.Â Others

D.Â Other E. U.

Question 5:

Assume that the total exports of 1998-99 is double that of the exports done in April-November. What is the region to which Indian exports registered the highest percentage growth between 1997-98 and 1998-99?

A.Â Other East Europe

B.Â USA

C.Â Asia

D.Â Exports have declined, no growth

Solutions:

The four major trading partners with India in 1997-98 are A, G, H and I.
From the numbers, we can ignore the others for this questions.

Total trade with A in the year 1997-98 is 9%*40779 + 19%*33979 = 10,126
Total trade with G in the year 1997-98 is 19%*40779 + 10%*33979 = 11,146
Total trade with H in the year 1997-98 is 23%*40779 + 10%*33979 = 12,777
Total trade with I in the year 1997-98 is 14%*40779 + 20%*33979 = 12,505
Hence, the correct option is block H which is OPEC

In both imports and exports, India did the least amount of trade in 1997-98 with K (both equal to 1%).
Hence, India had the lowest total trade with K in the year 1997-98.
The amount of Indian exports equals 1%*33979 = 340 millions

In order to find the trading partner with the highest trade deficit, we have to look for countries from whom India imported a lot but exported little.
The two countries which are important here are G and H. However, the exports to both are the same. But the imports from H are more than the imports from G.
So, the trading partner with whom India has the highest trade deficit is H.
The amount of trade deficit equals 23%*40779 – 10%*33979 = 5981 mio ~ 6 bn

In order to find the country with whom India has the least trade deficit, we have to look for countries whom India exported a lot and imported less.
The only two countries which fit the bill are countries A and I.
Trade deficit with A in 1997-98 is 19%*33979 – 9%*40779 = 2.78 billion
Trade deficit with I in 1997-98 is 20%*33979 – 14%*40779 = 1.08 billion
Hence, the country with the least trade deficit is country A or USA