Logical Reasoning Practice Questions for CAT

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Logical Reasoning Practice Questions for CAT
Logical Reasoning Practice Questions for CAT

Logical Reasoning Practice Questions for CAT:

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Instructions:

Eight people, from eight different states are standing next to each other in a row. All of them are facing North. The following information is known about the arrangement:

1. The person from Gujarat has more number of people standing to his left than to his right and the person from Punjab has as many people standing to his left as the person from Telangana has to his right.

2. The person from Tamil Nadu is standing to the immediate right of the person from Sikkim and neither of the two is standing at the extremes of the row.

3. The person from Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal are standing next to each other and both are standing to the left of the person from Tamil Nadu.

4. The person from Rajasthan is standing to the immediate left of the person from West Bengal and he is not standing at either of the extremes.

Question 1:

Who is standing third from the left of the row?

a) The person from Rajasthan
b) The person from Andhra Pradesh
c) The person from Gujarat
d) The person from West Bengal

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Question 2:

Who among the following is standing at one of the extremes?

a) The person from Gujarat
b) The person from Telangana
c) The person from West Bengal
d) None of the above

Question 3:

Who is definitely standing to the right of the person from Gujarat?

a) The person from Sikkim
b) The person from Punjab
c) The person from Telangana
d) Cannot be determined

Question 4:

Which of the following statements is sufficient to determine the exact order of arrangement?

a) The person from Rajasthan is three positions to the left of the person from Gujarat
b) The person from Telangana is standing to the immediate right of the person from Tamil Nadu
c) The person from Gujarat is not standing at any of the ends.
d) The person from Tamil Nadu is standing to the immediate left of the person from Gujarat

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Solutions (1 to 4):

The person from West Bengal has the person from Rajasthan standing to his immediate left and the person from Andhra Pradesh standing to his immediate right. All the three are standing to the left of the person from Tamil Nadu, who in turn is standing to the immediate right of the person from Sikkim. Also, neither the person from Rajasthan nor the person from Tamil Nadu is standing at the extreme end. So, the possibilities are as follows:

_ R WB AP _ Sik TN _
_ R WB AP Sik TN _ _
_ _ R WB AP Sik TN _

The number of persons standing to the left of the person from Punjab is the same as the number of persons standing to the right of the person from Telangana.
So, the two of them should stand symmetrically. So, the following are the possibilities:

P/T R WB AP _ Sik TN T/P
P/T R WB AP Sik TN _ T/P
P/T _ R WB AP Sik TN T/P

The person from Gujarat has more people to his left than to his right. So, the third possibility can be ruled out. So, we have two final possibilities:

P/T R WB AP G Sik TN T/P
P/T R WB AP Sik TN G T/P

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1) Answer (d)

So, the person from West Bengal is standing third from the left end of the row.

2) Answer (b)

3) Answer (d)

So, the answer cannot be determined.

4) Answer (b)

P/T R WB AP G S TN T/P
P/T R WB AP S TN G T/P

Consider the statement in option b). If the person from Telangana is standing to the immediate right of the person from Tamil Nadu, then the arrangement becomes:

P R WB AP G S TN T

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