List of Biosphere Reserves in India PDF

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List Of the18 Biosphere Reserves in India
List Of the18 Biosphere Reserves in India

Download the List Of 18 Biosphere Reserves in India PDF. Complete List of 18 Biosphere Reserves very useful for UPSC, BANKING & SSC EXAMS PDF general knowledge useful for all competitive exams.

List Of the 18 Biosphere Reserves in India PDF:

This list covers all the 18 Biosphere Reserves in India with their location & 11 Biosphere Reserves included in the UNESCO World Network Of Biosphere Reserves.

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Biosphere Reserves:

Biosphere reserves comprise terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems reconciling the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use.

Structure of Biosphere Reserves:

Biosphere reserves are demarcated into following 3 inter-related zones:

Core Zone

Core areas conserve the wild plant & animal species that are endemic to the region & being of exceptional scientific interest. A core zone being National Park or Sanctuary/protected/regulated mostly under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. The core zone is free from the human intervention.

Buffer Zone

The buffer zone, adjoins or surrounds core zone. Few Human activities which donot adversely affect the environment like restoration, limited recreation, tourism, fishing, grazing, etc; are permitted in the Buffer Zone. Research and educational activities are encouraged in the Buffer Zone.

Transition Zone

The transition area is the outermost part of a biosphere reserve. This is a zone of cooperation where conservation knowledge and management skills are applied & it includes settlements, crop lands, managed forests and area for intensive recreation.

Tripartite Functions Of Biosphere Reserve:

1.Conservation

2.Development

3.Logistics Support

Criteria for designation of BR:

1.A site that must contain an effectively protected and minimally disturbed core area of value of nature conservation.

2.The core area should be typical of a bio-geographical unit and large enough to sustain viable populations representing all trophic levels in the ecosystem.

3.The management authority to ensure the involvement/cooperation of local communities to bring variety of knowledge and experiences to link biodiversity conservation and  socio-economic development while managing and containing the conflicts.

4.Areas potential for preservation of traditional tribal or rural modes of living for harmonious use of environment.

All Biosphere Reserves in India

Total number of Biosphere Reserves are in India are 18.

S.no Name Year Of Formation
State Fauna
1. Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 1986 Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka Nilgiri Tahr, Lion-tailed Macque
2. Nandadevi Biosphere Reserve 1988 Uttarakhand Snow leopard, Himalayan Black Bear
3. Gulf of Mannar 1989 Tamil Nadu Dugong
4. Nokrek 1988 Meghalaya Red Panda
5. Sunderbans 1989 West Bengal Royal Bengal Tiger
6. Manas 1989 Assam Asiatic Elephant, Tiger, Hispid hare, Golden Langur, Pygmy Hog
7. Simplipal 1994 Odisha Gaur, Royal Bengal Tiger, Asian Elephant
8. Dihang – Dibang 1998 Arunachal Pradesh Mishmi Takin,Musk deer
9. Pachmarhi 1999 Madhya Pradesh Flying Squirrel, Giant Squirrel
10. Achanakmar – Amarkantak 2005 Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh Four horned Antelope, Indian Wild dog, White rumped Vulture, Philautus, Sarus Crane
11. Great Rann of Kutch 2008 Gujarat Indian Wild Ass
12. Cold desert 2009 Himachal Pradesh Snow Leopard
13. Khangchendzonga 2000 Sikkim Snow Leopard, Red Panda
14. Agasthyamalai 2001 Kerala, Tamil Nadu Nilgiri Tahr & Elephants
15. Great Nicobar 1989 Andaman & Nicobar Islands Salt water Crocodile
16. Dibru – Saikhowa 1997 Assam White winged wood duck, water buffalo, black breasted Parrot bill, tiger, capped langur
17. Seshachalam hills 2010 Andhra Pradesh Slender Loris
18. Panna 2011 Madhya Pradesh Tiger, Chital, Chinkara, Sambhar, Sloth bear

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List of UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves (BR):

The UNESCO has introduced the designation ‘Biosphere Reserve’ for natural areas to minimize conflict between development and conservation. BRs are nominated by national government which meet a minimal set of criteria and adhere to minimal set of conditions for inclusion in the world network of Biosphere reserves under the Man and Biosphere Reserve Programme of UNESCO. Globally 621 BRs representing from 117 countries included in the network so far.

11 of the 18 Indian Biosphere Reserves are part of the World-Network of Biosphere Reserves under the UNESCO  MAB ( Man And the Biosphere ) Programme.

S.no Name State Year of Induction into the World – Network of Biosphere Reserves
1. Nigiri Biosphere Reserve Tamil Nadu, Kerala & Karnataka 2000
2. Gulf of Mannar Tamil Nadu 2001
3. Sundarbans West Bengal 2001
4. Nanda Devi Uttarakhand 2004
5. Nokrek Meghalaya 2009
6. Pachmarhi Madhya Pradesh 2009
7. Simplipal Odisha 2009
8. Great Nicobar Great Nicobar 2013
9. Achanakmar – Amarkantak Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh 2012
10. Agasthyamalai Tamil Nadu, Kerala 2016
11. Khangchendzonga Sikkim 2018

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