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# Expected Reasoning Questions For IBPS PO

Download important Expected Reasoning Questions PDF based on previously asked questions in IBPS PO and other Banking Exams. Practice Expected Reasoning Question and Answers for IBPS PO Exam.

Question 1: ‘Music is related to Notes’ in the same way as ‘Language’ is related to…….

a) Sentences

b) Combination

c) Grammar

d) Alphabets

e) Syntax

Question 2: ‘Lead’ is related to ‘pencil’ in the same way as ‘Ink’ is related to………

a) Bottle

b) Pen

c) Stamp

d) Pot

e) Colour

Instructions

If A + B means A is the father of B.
If A × B means A is the sister of B.
If A $B means A is the wife of B. If A % B means A is the mother of B. If A ÷ B means A is the son of B. Question 3: What should come in place of question mark to establish that J is brother of T in the expression? J ÷ P % H ? T % L a) × b) ÷ c)$

d) Either ÷ or ×

e) Either + or ÷

Question 4: Which of the given expressions indicates that M is daughter of D?

a) L % R $D + T × M b) L + R$ D + M × T

c) L % R % D + T ÷ M

d) D + L $R + M × T e) L$ D ÷ R % M ÷ T

Instructions

Directions: Study the following information and answer the questions given below:

Eight people – E, F, G, H, J, K, L and M – are sitting around a circular table, facing the centre. Each of them is of a different profession – Chartered Accountant, Columnist, Doctor, Engineer, Financial Analyst, Lawyer, Professor and Scientist, but not necessarily in the same order. F is sitting second to the left of K. The Scientist is an immediate neighbour of K. There are only three people between the Scientist and E. Only one person sits between the Engineer and E. The Columnist is on the immediate right of the Engineer. M is second to the right of K. H is the Scientist. G and J are immediate neighbours of each other. Neither G nor J is an Engineer. The Financial Analyst is on the immediate left of F. The Lawyer is second to the right of the Columnist. The Professor is an immediate neighbour of the Engineer. G is second to the right of the Chartered Accountant.

Question 5: Who is sitting second to the right of E?

a) The Lawyer

b) G

c) The Engineer

d) F

e) K

Question 6: Who among the following is the Professor?

a) F

b) L

c) M

d) K

e) J

Instructions

Direction: In the following questions, the symbols \$,@,#,^ and * are used with the following meaning as illustrated below. ‘P \$ Q’ means ‘P is not smaller than Q’.
‘P @ Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor equal to ‘Q
‘P # Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor equal to Q’.
‘P ^ Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q’.
‘P * Q’ means ‘P is not greater than Q’.
Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the four conclusions I, II, III and IV given below them is/are definitely true and give your answer accordingly.

Question 7: Statements: H @ T, T # F, F ^ E, E * V
Conclusions:
I. V $F II. E @ T III. H @ V IV. T # V a) Only I, II and III are true b) Only I, II and IV are true c) Only II, III and IV are true d) Only I, III and IV are true e) All I, II, III and IV are true Question 8: Statements: D#R, R*K, K@F, F$J
Conclusions:
I. J # R
II. J # K
III. R # F
IV. K @ D

a) Only I, II and III are true

b) Only II, III and IV are true

c) Only I, III and IV are true

d) All I, II, III and IV are true

e) None of these

Question 9: In a certain code language ‘how many goals scored’ is written as ‘5 3 9 7’; ‘many more matches’ is written as ‘9 8 2’ and ‘he scored five’ is written as ‘1 6 3’. How is ‘goals’ written in that code language?

a) 5

b) 7

c) 5 or 7

e) None of these

Question 10: In a certain code TEMPORAL is written as OLDSMBSP. How is CONSIDER written in that code?

a) RMNBSFEJ

b) BNMRSFEJ

c) RMNBJEFS

d) TOPDQDCH

e) None of these

Question 11: Effect: Majority of the employees of the ailing organization opted for voluntary retirement scheme and left the organization with all their retirement benefits within a fortnight of launching the scheme. Which of the following can be a probable cause of the above effect ?

a) The company has been making huge losses for the past five years and is unable to pay salary to its employees in time.

b) The management of the company made huge personal gains through unlawful activities.

c) One of the competitors of the company went bankrupt last year.

d) The company owns large tracts of land in the state which will fetch huge sum to its owners.

e) None of these

Question 12: Statement: Most of the companies in IT and ITES sectors in India have started hiring from engineering college campuses this year and are likely to recruit much more than yearly recruitment of the earlier years. Which of the following substantiates the facts stated in the above statement ?

a) IT and ITES are the only sectors in India which are hiring from engineering college campuses.

b) Govt. has stepped up recruitment activities after a gap of five years.

c) The IT and ITES companies have now decided to vi sit the engineering college campuses for tier II cities in India as well.

d) Availability of qualified engineers will substantially in crease in the near future.

e) None of these

Instructions

Each of the following question consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it.You have to decide whether the data provided the statement are sufficient to answer the question Read the statements and Give answer

a:If the data in Statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question while the data in Statement II alone are not Sufficient to answer the question
b:If the data in Statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question While the data in Statement I alone are not Sufficient to answer the question
c:If the data either in Statement I alone or in Statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question
d:If the data in both the statements I and II together are not Sufficient to answer the question
e:If the data in both the Statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question

Question 13: Village P is towards which directions of village R ?
I. Village R is to the South-East of village T and T is to the North of village P.
II. Village Q is the South of village P and to the South-West of village R.

a) If the data in Statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question while the data in Statement II alone are not Sufficient to answer the question

b) If the data in Statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question While the data in Statement I alone are not Sufficient to answer the question

c) If the data either in Statement I alone or in Statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question

d) If the data in both the statements I and II together are not Sufficient to answer the question

e) If the data in both the Statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question

Question 14: Who among A,B,C, D and E, each having a different heights is the third tallest ?
I.E is shorter than only B
II. C is taller than only A

a) If the data in Statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question while the data in Statement II alone are not Sufficient to answer the question

b) If the data in Statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question While the data in Statement I alone are not Sufficient to answer the question

c) If the data either in Statement I alone or in Statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question

d) If the data in both the statements I and II together are not Sufficient to answer the question

e) If the data in both the Statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question

Instructions

Direction: In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered (A), (B) and (C). A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for. improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

Question 15: Statement : A heavy unseasonal downpour during tho last two days has paralysed the, normal life in the state in which five persons were killed but this has provided a huge relief to the problem of acute water crisis in the state.
Courses of action:
(A) The state government should set up a committee to review the alarming situation.
(B) The state government should immediately remove all the restrictions, on use of potable water in all the major cities in the state.
(C) The state government should send relief supplies to all the affected areas in the state.

a) None

b) Only (A)

c) Only (B) and (C)

d) Only (C)

e) All (A), (B), (C)

Question 16: Statement: A large private bank has decided to retrench one-third of its employees in view of the huge losses incurred by it during the past three quarters.
Courses of action:
(A) The Govt. should issue a notification to general public to immediately: stop all transactions with the bank.
(B) The Govt. should direct the bank to refrain from retrenching its employees.
(C) The Govt. should ask the central bank of the country to initiate an enquiry into the bank’s activities and submit its report.

a) None

b) Only (A)

c) Only (B)

d) Only (C)

e) Only (A) and (C)

Question 17: Ashok started walking towards South. After walking 50 meters he took a right turn and walked 30 meters. He then took a right turn and walked 100 meters. He again took a right turn and walked 30 meters and stopped. How far and in which direction was he from the starting point?

a) 50 meters South

b) 150 meters North

c) 180 meters East

d) 50 meters North

e) None of these

Question 18: Town D is towards East of town F. Town B is towards North of town D. Town H is towards South of town B. Towards which direction is town H from town F?

a) East

b) South-East

c) North-East

e) None of these

Instructions

The following 5 questions are based on the below sequence of alphabets.
P Y C A Q T J O U B G M V H N X E S I W D K R F L Z

Question 19: If “DANCE” is coded as “KTSJK”, what is the code for the word “PURSE”?

a) KYGZK

b) YZGKK

c) YGKZK

d) YGZKK

e) None of these

Question 20: If “SCREEN” is coded as “WTYFYY”, what is the code for the word “SHIRT”?

a) WEFAE

b) WEKAE

c) WEFZE

d) WEAFE

e) None of these

The question is of coorelation.

In Music, notes give structure and make the musical language sensible so that it can be read.

In language, the grammar gives structure and make the it understandable.

Hence, corelation of language is with grammar as music is with notes.

Here, there exists an analogy between lead and pencil.

We must establish a similar analogy between ink and one of the options.

Lead is contained in a pencil in same way ink is contained in pen.

Hence, option B is correct.

J ÷ P % H ? T % L

=> T is the mother of L and J is the brother of H

Now, for J to be brother of T, H must be either sister or brother of T.

=> ‘x’ is the correct symbol here.

In option B, D + M is given, wich implies that D is the father of M.

Now, if M is a girl, then it can be established that M is the daughter of M.

M x T => M is a sister of T => M is a girl

Hence option B is correct.

Second to right of E is G.

K is the professor.

Substituting the symbols based on the directions we get
H > T , T < F , F = E , E ≤ V
= H > T < F = E ≤ V
Now the options are
V ≥ F , E > T , H > V , T < V
Following the rules for coded inequalities in the concept section we find that I, II, IV are correct
So option B is right

From the question D < R ≤ K > F ≥ J
Thes conclusions given are J < R , J < K , R < F , K > D
As per the rules given in the coded inequalities of the banking concept , II: J < K , IV: K > D are correct.
But there is no option as such .
Hence d : None of these is the right choice.

In the above statements ‘many’ and ‘9’ are in two sentences. So ‘many’ is ‘9’.
Similarly ‘scored’ and ‘3’ are in two sentences. So ‘scored’ is ‘3’.
In the first sentence ‘how’ , ‘goals’ , ‘5’ and ‘7’ are left. So ‘how’ and ‘goals’ can be either ‘5’ or ‘7’ ( if ‘how’ is ‘5’ then ‘goals’ is ‘7’ and vice versa).

Split TEMPORAL into two halves TEMP and ORAL
Reversing the order of letters we get PMET and LARO
Subtracting 1 from PMET we get P –  1 = O , M – 1 = L , E – 1 = D , T – 1 = S
Adding 1 to LARO we get L + 1 = M , A + 1 = B , R + 1 = S , O + 1 = P

Applying the same concept to CONSIDER
CONS ⇒ SNOC    IDER ⇒ REDI
S – 1 = R , N – 1 = M , O – 1 = N , C – 1 = B
I + 1 = J , D + 1 = E , E + 1 = F , R + 1 = S
RMNBJEFS

Option A points to the company being unprofitable and unable to pay the salaries. This can be a probable cause for the company offering voluntary retirement and the employees readily accepting the offer.

Option C mentions that IT and ITES companies are starting to hire from TIER 2 cities as well. This new information substantiates the given statement and hence is the correct option.

I : Village R is south east of Village T and there is no specific information about position of village P.

Thus, I alone is insufficient.

Similarly, in II, there is no specific information about position of R.

Thus, II alone is insufficient.

I & II : We know, that T is north of P and Q is south of P. Thus, T, P & Q are in a straight vertical line in that order.

There is still not specific info about position of P. P can be to the west or north-west or south-west of R.

Thus, I & II together are not sufficient.

I : E is shorter than only B.

=> B is the tallest and E is the second tallest. => B > E > A, C, D.

Since, we can’t find the third tallest, I alone is insufficient.

II : C is taller than only A.

=> A is the shortest and C is the fourth tallest. => B,D,E > C > A

Since, we can’t find the third tallest, II alone is insufficient.

I & II : From I and II, we get

B > E > D > C > A.

=> D is the third tallest.

Thus, I & II together are sufficient.

In a crisis situation, the expectation is to have the supplies sent to the areas as soon as possible. Hence option C is correct

The govt should start an inquiry to investigate the actions of the bank and refrain from acting in haste without proper analysis. Hence option C is the right option.

Ashok walked 50m towards South. Then he took right and walked 30m=> he is travelling towards East. Now, he is 50m South and 30m East from his starting position.

Then he took right and travelled 100m => Now he is walking towards North and is 50m North and 30m East from his starting position.

Finally, he took right again and travelled 30m => He is walking towards West and is 50m North from his starting position.

The below are the different possible positions of the cities:

B                      and                 B

HD     F                                    D      F

H

Hence H can be South-East of F or East of F.

According to the given order of alphabets,
D +1 = K
A+2 = T …….. E +5 = K
Similarly, the code for the word “PURSE” is “YGZKK”.
So the correct option to choose is D.