For the following questions answer them individually
Read the following passage carefully and answer the question given below it. Certain words or groups of each word are given bold type to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
It is said there is a dismal fall of standards everywhere. The leaders who are not equal to the task misguide their followers. THe remedy of the malady that affects our political economic and social practices lies in the human individual. What is needed is a change in his nature. For that we should read great classics. Literature brings about the change for the better. It improves the quality of human beings. Great books give great thoughts, broaden our outlook and awaken our souls. They also provide a moral base as the lack of discipline and ideals is inimical to civilizes value.
There are various kinds of books. Some arouse or instruct while others elevate our nature. The first kind of books destroy our ego and give us joy. Now joy is different from pleasure. The books which give joy contain emotions and thoughts recollected in tranquility. Only a seer can produce such books. They deserve not only to read but also to be digested. Through them we establish contract with the mastermind of the past. They hand on to us our tradition. But maintaining a tradition does not mean peaking or doing as our forefathers did following the tradition blindly will render dead and useless. We must make adaptations and bring modifications. However, the individual contribution is largely determined by the pressure brought to bear up on him by the new problems of the new age.
There are three clearly marked feature of the age in which we live. They are the scientific and technological revolution, the liberation of dependent countries in Asia and Africa and the growing unity of the world: We should read books which trace the history of the above mentioned three moments. The intellectual wealth of all mankind is at our disposal, we should break the barriers of language. Books build bridge between cultures, that is they bring them together. They promote understanding and love and remove suspicion, fear and hatred.
Great books come to our help when our values are at the discount many of us are mere shadows of human beings. We are the victims of contradictory impulses, we are a bundle of fear suspicion, greed, jealousy as well as kindliness and goodwill. For creating normal harmonious human society the former instincts should be curbed and the latter kindled, we must guard against corrupting the minds of our people with trivialities. A general spiritual awakening is essential.